Wednesday, May 15, 2024
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Eric Schmidt: Why America wants an Apollo program for the age of AI


First, extra devoted authorities AI supercomputers must be constructed for an array of missions starting from categorised intelligence processing to superior organic computing. Within the trendy period, computing capabilities and technical progress have proceeded in lockstep. 

Over the previous decade, the US has efficiently pushed traditional scientific computing into the exascale period with the Frontier, Aurora, and soon-to-arrive El Capitan machines—large computer systems that may carry out over a quintillion (a billion billion) operations per second. Over the following decade, the ability of AI fashions is projected to extend by an element of 1,000 to 10,000, and main compute architectures could also be able to coaching a 500-trillion-parameter AI mannequin in per week (for comparability, GPT-3 has 175 billion parameters). Supporting analysis at this scale would require extra highly effective and devoted AI analysis infrastructure, considerably higher algorithms, and extra funding. 

Though the US at present nonetheless has the lead in superior computing, different nations are nearing parity and set on overtaking us. China, for instance, goals to spice up its mixture computing energy greater than 50% by 2025, and it has been reported that the nation plans to have 10 exascale methods by 2025. We can not danger appearing slowly. 

Second, whereas some could argue for utilizing present business cloud platforms as a substitute of constructing a high-performance federal computing infrastructure, I consider a hybrid mannequin is critical. Research have proven vital long-term price financial savings from utilizing federal computing as a substitute of business cloud companies. Within the close to time period, scaling up cloud computing affords fast, streamlined base-level entry for tasks—that’s the strategy the NAIRR pilot is embracing, with contributions from each business and federal companies. In the long term, nevertheless, procuring and working highly effective government-owned AI supercomputers with a devoted mission of supporting US public-sector wants will set the stage for a time when AI is far more ubiquitous and central to our nationwide safety and prosperity. 

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