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COP20—Lima Local weather Convention — International Points


Creator and Web page data

  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page Created

On this web page:

  1. Introduction
  2. Assembly final result
  3. Mainstream media reporting
  4. In context: widespread however differentiated duties
  5. Extra data
  6. Information tales from IPS

Introduction

December 1 – 14, 2014, Lima, Peru was the venue for the twentieth annual United Nations Local weather Change Convention, often known as the twentieth Convention of the Events — or COP 20.

The aim of this convention was to create a common settlement on local weather change motion and start the method of financing mitigation.

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Assembly final result

The assembly ended with all nations agreeing to chop again greenhouse gasoline emissions. Generally known as the Lima Accord, this treaty just isn’t legally binding and international locations do not need to specify how a lot they are going to reduce, as an alternative agreeing to report their plans again by March 2015.

Whereas for a lot of it appeared like a profitable final result, others had been disenchanted, similar to poor international locations struggling to rebuild from present impacts of local weather change who had been alarmed on the disappearance of loss and injury commitments from the ultimate textual content which has been a part of the dialogue for years.

The worldwide local weather motion, 350.org, summarized the disappointments and hopeful elements of the assembly final result, noting

  1. The brand new settlement doesn’t mirror the urgency of the local weather disaster
  2. Some good agreements – however no measures to make sure implementation
  3. Least developed and susceptible nations not noted within the chilly
  4. Divestment (from fossil gas reliance) is extra necessary than ever
  5. International momentum for actual options is stronger than ever and can carry on going.

In attempting to place a constructive spin on the general disappointment they felt, they concluded, In the long run, a worldwide local weather treaty is only one device to fight local weather change. Actual change goes to proceed to come back from the grassroots. The UN Local weather Talks proceed to be a spot the place the world’s international locations comes collectively to debate this disaster and persons are placing in monumental efforts to verify Paris [the next global meeting] received’t be like Copenhagen which was filled with disappointments regardless of huge guarantees.

Samantha Smith, Chief of WWF’s International Local weather and Vitality Initiative, was fairly scathing of the assembly final result saying that political expediency received over scientific urgency. She additionally famous that Developed nation governments couldn’t even handle to clarify how they are going to ship the long-promised US$100 billion per yr in local weather finance by 2020. In a transfer that seemingly dismissed the plight of essentially the most susceptible international locations, they utterly eliminated any significant language about ‘loss and injury’.

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Mainstream media reporting

As with nearly each earlier assembly (with occasional exceptions), mainstream media reporting was very poor given the significance of this international situation. The place the assembly was reported it was typically in direction of the top, and simply sound chunk kind summaries saying all international locations agreed to emission cuts and that this was a serious enchancment.

Whereas the treaty continued to say it honors the long-standing widespread however differentiated duties the mainstream media reporting (as in most years) has usually failed to supply clarification and context of this precept that has been an necessary a part of these talks for over 2 many years; that poor and growing international locations shouldn’t bear the identical duties because the developed ones (as a result of they don’t seem to be the reason for the anthropogenic carbon emissions over the earlier many years which have led to this, which is detailed way more on this website’s web page on local weather justice).

A touch in direction of this precept could have been offered as a viewpoint of China or India, given the impression they’re being obstacles, moderately then explaining this precept in additional context.

That was simply one of many points skirted over or omitted from widespread reporting. Others included points on financing, know-how help for poorer nations, and so forth. Behind the scenes, for many years, wealthy international locations have stalled on these items or actively averted attempting to share know-how and so forth, which is barely reported.

Yearly, this criticism is fabricated from mainstream reporting, so with out following these negotiations annually, it may be straightforward to come back away with the impression that this assembly had a constructive final result.

However as this dialogue hosted by Democracy Now! reveals, there have been a variety of necessary problems with rivalry:

Emissions-Slicing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Stop Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014.

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In context: widespread however differentiated duties

A few years in the past all nations agreed that local weather change was largely the results of actions from immediately’s industrialized nations, as carbon dioxide — the primary greenhouse gasoline — stays within the environment for many years. But, the poorest would find yourself struggling essentially the most for an issue they largely didn’t trigger. The approaches to mitigation (emissions discount) would due to this fact be completely different for these teams of nations — the widespread however differentiated duties precept.

It’s on this context that the dialogue for loss and injury has come about. And it’s one thing that wealthy international locations are eager to eliminate .

The years of resistance on this situation (and plenty of others) means every time it’s mentioned once more the reactions appear to get much more hostile. Mixed with the shortage of detailed context within the mainstream media protection of this facet, it then turns into simpler every time to see culprits as China and India given their monumental greenhouse emissions in recent times, in comparison with the far higher quantity by the industrialized nations over the longer interval. See this website’s part on local weather justice for extra detailed background.

And as this website has stated for years on the local weather justice web page, the wealthy nations are delaying any significant motion till it’s finally — and disproportionately — paid for the by the growing nations. New Delhi based mostly Nitin Sethi, affiliate editor at Enterprise Normal, interviewed within the earlier talked about video says the identical factor, however extra frankly:

There isn’t a motion that’s going to occur between now and 2020. All of that was to be achieved by the developed international locations. They [rich nations] principally have simply stated at Lima that we’re not going to do any greater than what we’re doing to this point, and the burden can shift onto the post-2020 period, the place different growing international locations need to share it. So, to me, it signifies actually negotiation in dangerous religion.

Nitin Sethi, Emissions-Slicing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Stop Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014

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Extra data

Because the convention remains to be underway as this web page is written, extra data shall be added right here after the occasion is over.

For extra concerning the points from different organizations, listed here are some beginning factors:

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Information tales from IPS

Beneath is a listing of tales from Inter Press Service associated to the Lima local weather convention and its aftermath.

  1. World Information in Temporary: Sandstorm alert, albinism and local weather change, rights in Peru